Friday, 29 July 2016

John Ingram Smith - From Butler to Bankruptcy: Surname Saturday

My cousin Stuart's paternal ancestors hailed originally from  the island of Unst in the Shetlands - the most northerly part of the British Isles. 
Part One of the Smith Story focused on the Shetland link

Part Two here focuses on great grandfather John Ingram Smith (1847-1925),  - the last of Stuart's direct ancestors to be born on Unst and the first to live in Blackpool, the famous seaside resort in north west England.  His career had its ups and downs, as a butler, hotel proprietor, guest house owner, catering manager of the famous Winter Gardens entertainment complex in Blackpool - and as a bankrupt!   

John Ingram Smith was born on Unst in the Shetland Isles,on 22nd January 1847, the youngest child of Gilbert Smith  and Catherine Mouat. He was baptised  by Rev John Ingram, whose surname was adopted as a middle name by future generations of Smiths.  

John Ingram Smith left Unst with his family in the 1860's.  At the age of 20 in 1867 he married Isabella (Ella) Edward  and over the next thirteen years worked  in service as a butler and later as a hotel keeper at large houses and hotels in the east of Scotland.    In that time, eight children were born.  Census returns and the birthplaces of the children helped trace his many moves between jobs.  

1868 - Lily Florence Edward Smith born at at Balhill, Logie Buchan, Aberdeenshire
1869 - Arthur Ingram Edward Smith born at Auchenblae,  Kincardineshire
1871 - Edward Stewart Ingram Smith born at Craigrothie, Ceres, Fife 
1873 - John Lawrence Gilbert Smith born at Old Machar, Aberdeen
1874 - Ella Edward Ingram Smith born at Old Machar, Aberdeen

In 1875 John was hotel keeper  at the Crown and Anchor, Martial Street, Aberdeen, but another move soon followed.  For  fourth son Hardy Robinson Smith was born in 1876 at the Gordon Arms Hotel, Inverurie, Aberdeenshire, followed two years later by the birth of third  daughter  Edith Grace Robinson Smith.  The family still hold ten letters of reference on John's role as an employee, with the example below written in 1875 commending  him for being "sober, diligent and honest". 


 So by the age of 30, John was a  hotel proprietor at the Gordon Arms, Inverurie. 
 
 This advertisement appeared regularly throughout 1877 in the Aberdeenshire press. 

But success did not last long.  A random search for John's name on British Newspapers Online revealed a new angle on John's life. For  by September 1879. John's  business was in trouble, with the sale of "The whole Hotel Furnishings and Hiring Plant, belonging to the Trust Estate of Mr John Ingram Smith".

    Advertisement in the Aberdeen JournalSeptember 1879. 

This must have been a very difficult time for the family, as three year old Hardy had died a month before the saleUpheaval followed for John, Ella and their six young children. By the start of 1880, however,  John was back in service as a butler, living at East Lodge, Skene House, Aberdeen, where daughter Jessie Margaret Mary Jane Smith was born. 

It is noticeable,  with the children's names. how loyal the Smith family was to people who had played an important part in their life, beyond immediate family members:  For
Ingram - came from the name of the Shetland minister who had  baptized their father;  and Lawrence was the Christian name of the Shetland doctor;    Hardy Robinson was the name of John's employer in Aberdeen, with Grace the name of Hardy's wife.  

But by 1882 another move took place, this time, leaving Scotland behind and returning to  the role of hotel keeper in Yorkshire  at the Cattle Market Hotel, New Wortley, Leeds.  Here tragedy again befell the family with the death of young Ella in March 1883, aged nine.  
But newspaper reports again showed that John was finding being a business man challenging,  with the report below from the Yorkshire Post:  2nd August 1895.  
 
Did circumstances prompt another move or was John a restless individual always seeking a change?  For by 1896 he was in the seaside resort of Blackpool, running a guest house at various addresses and becoming  the Catering Manager of the Winter Gardens, built in 1896  and still a major entertainment venue in the town. 
 
 
 John looking very smart in formal evening dress 

But the past caught up with him.  For in October 1900 "The Manchester Courier & Lancashire General Advertiser" reported a court case with John Ingram Smith  (53), a waiter at the Tower Restaurant, Blackpool  charged with obtaining credit  without revealing that  he was an undischarged bankrupt. 

In December John was discharged for a technical breach of the law  


In the 1901 census, John was listed as a caterer, living with his wife Ella and eldest daughter Lily.  Ten years on, however, his occupation in the 1911 census  was given as Furniture Dealer. He was thought to have retired from the Winter Gardens on ill health grounds and went on to help his son in his furniture business. John's  wife Ella died in 1919 and John six years later in 1925,  preceded by the deaths over the years  of  five of their eight children - Hardy, Ella, Edith, Jessie and Edward.  

John Ingram Smith was laid to rest in  in Layton Cemetery, Blackpool. 


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Surname Saturday is one of many daily prompts from Geneabloggers 
encouraging bloggers to write about their family history 

NOTE:
The information on John's business affairs only came to light in preparing this blog post, and is included here with the permission of the Smith family.

I searched British Newspapers Online (included in my FindMyPast subscription), initially looking for an obituary for JohnIt is an extensive  resource that features small local newspapers besides the national titles.  You can also access the  collection on the GenesReunited website and at  Britisih Newspapers Archive. 

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Wednesday, 20 July 2016

An Island Family - the Smiths of Unst, Shetland: Surname Saturday

The island of Unst in Shetland was the home of my cousin's paternal ancestors, and this is his story. It begins in Stuart's own words.
"When I was young,  growing up in Blackpool, Lancashire, I was intrigued as to the origins of my own full name - Stuart John Ingram Smith.   There was no-one to ask.  My  own father was unable to help me and  unfortunately both my grandfather and great grandfather had died in 1923 and 1925,  long before I appeared on the scene.   The only answer given to me was that it was an old family name. 

Eventually I undertook my own research into my paternal line and discovered that the family came from Unst in Shetland, the most northerly island of the British Isles."  
Westing on Unst, Shetland

Research took me back through:
My father - Arthur Ingram Edward Smith (1908-1979)
Grandfather - Edward Ingram Smith (1871-1923)
Great Grandfather - John Ingram Smith (1847-1925)
Great, Great Grandfather - Gilbert Smith (1802-1871)
Great, Great, Great Grandfather - John Smith. (1759- c.1840's)


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This first part of the Smith story
focuses on the ancestors born on Unst.
 

Great, Great, Great Grandfather - John Smith. (1759- c.1840's)
The family  was traced back to  John Smith, who was born c.1759, and died sometime between 1841 and 1851  There were  two William Smiths who could be John’s father  but no records were traced to confirm this.  

John Smith married Barbara Charleson  and they  had a family of five.  The eldest  William lived throughout his life with members of his family - as did his sister Ursula.     Both never married and lived to a great age.  Daughter Jane Elizabeth and son George married a brother and sister Andrew and Catherine Sinclair  - both had large families, with distant descendants still in the Shetlands.  Finally youngest son and great, great grandfather  Gilbert, was born in 1802.  
 Many of John and Barbara's children were born here at  Snarbrough -

Barbara Smith died in 1833 and the 1841 census saw John, aged 82  living at Millagord Uyeasound at the home of his youngest son, Gilbert and family - wife, Catherine, their four children, Gilbert's  unmarried brother and sister, William and Ursula, and three young visitors   - a large household! 

View from the front door of Millagord
No trace of John could be found in 1851 and he is presumed to have died.  In Scotland, unlike in England (1837), it was not compulsory to record births, marriages and deaths until 1855.  A search of the Old Parish Records proved fruitless. 

Great, Great Grandfather - Gilbert Smith (1802- 1871)
Gilbert Smith was born at Snabrough c.1802 and married Catherine Mouat in 1829 at Baliasta, with the ceremony performed  by the Rev James Ingram - the first clue to the Ingram name that featured down the generations in the Smith family. 

The witnesses to the marriage were Gilbert’s two brothers George and William, together with a Lawrence Smith of Ramingoe. Gilbert and Catherine made their home at Gardin (below) and later Millagord Uyeasound (above).


                            Gardin Croft  - the first home of Gilbert and Catherine 

Gilbert and Catherine's first born son John, (named after his grandfather) was born in 1830,  but died at the age of 11.  Between 1834 and  1847, seven  more children were born -  Lawrence Edmonston (christened after the name of the local doctor),  Ursula Isabella, Ellen Barbara, Andrina, Janet, Jane Ingram, and John Ingram. 


In the 1841 census, Gilbert's occupation was given as farmer and ten years later as turner/crofter/agricultural labourer.  But by 1861 he had a change to that of fisherman, when he was   living at Scallawaybooth with his wife Catherine, two children Janet and John Ingram, and sister Ursula. 

But what circumstances occurred thereafter that prompted a major move from such a small rural island community  to Edinburgh?   Was it economic considerations?  For by  the 1871 census, the family was living in the capital  at Jamaica Street - a city centre location. 

The move was not a happy one for the family.    Catherine died there in 1868 aged 63 and a year later eldest son Lawrence died in Edinburgh, aged 37.    As the informant on the death certificates, Gilbert gave his occupation as shoemaker.  In the 1871 census Gilbert was living at 19 Trafalgar Lane, Leith. In November 1881 Gilbert died in Edinburgh Royal Infirmary, buried in  Rosebank Cemetery Edinburgh. The informant  of death was his daughter Janet of Dryden Place, Edinburgh, with Gilbert's occupation this time given as wheelwright.

The family still have in their possession two black edged invitations to Gilbert and Catherine's funerals written by youngest and only surviving  son John Ingram Smith. 


Great Grandfather John Ingram Smith (1847-1925) 
The youngest child of Gilbert and Catherine was John Ingram Smith who was born 22nd January 1847 at Millagord and was baptised at Gardie Uyeasound by Rev John Ingram.   In 1861 he was aged 14, living with his parents, sister Janet and aunt Ursula,

John Ingram Smith left Unst with his family and worked for several years in service as a butler at various large houses in the Aberdeen area. The reference letters he obtained from his employers are still held by the family. He was for a time the landlord of the ‘Crown and Anchor’ in Aberdeen and the ‘Gordon Arms’ in Inveruie. He moved on to Fife but  in 1883 he left Scotland to become became a hotel manager in Leeds, Yorkshire before at last settling in Blackpool,  Lancashire in about 1895.  He  became the Catering Manager of the Winter Gardens, part of the Blackpool Tower Company. 


John  married Isobel (Ella) Edward from Strachan, Banchory and they had a family of eight, three of whom were christened with the middle name of Ingram. 

John Ingram Smith  was the last of the immediate Smith family to be born on the island of Unst, but the connection lived on through his middle name Ingram passed down to his son, grandson and great grandson.

But that is another story - to be continued!  

Background Information
  • The island of Unst at 12 miles by 5 miles  is the most northerly point of the British Isles. It  lies 45 miles by ferry from Lerwick, capital of the Shetland Isles,  which are situated 120 miles north of the mainland of Scotland. To the north of Unst is Muckle Flugga Lighthouse, built in the 1850's.

     In 1851 the population of Unst was 2977;  it rose slightly by 1861 to 3060, but dropped to 2780 by 1871- a fall of 9%Between 1861 and 1881. over 8000 residents  are said to have emigrated from the Shetland Isles to make a new life overseas.  Shetland,  like other parts of Scotland,  experienced the Clearances, where landlords, their eye on maximizing their wealth, greatly reduced the number of small, uneconomic crofts, banishing tenants in favour of large scale sheep farming.    In the last 2011 cesnus, the population of Unst was  632.  
  • Rev. James Ingram (1779-1879)  who performed the marriage ceremony for Gilbert Smith and Catherine Mout in 1829   had a long life, living to the great  age of 103.
  • The Reverend Dr Ingram, of Unst, Shetland Isles, aged One Hundred Years. Illustration for The Illustrated London News, 29 April 1876.
    Rev. James Ingram
The Ingram Family
  • James' son,  Rev. John Smith (1808-1892) baptised John  Ingram Smith in 1847.
The two ministers  must have  had a lasting influence on the Smith family with the Ingram name becoming the middle name of so many of the family down the generations.

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Surname Saturday is one of many daily prompts by Geneabloggers to encourage bloggers to record aspects of their family history.

Thursday, 14 July 2016

A First Meeting at the Winter Gardens - Sepia Saturday

Each week, Sepia Saturday, provides an opportunity for genealogy bloggers to share their family history through photographs.
A Picture Palace Cinema features as this week's prompt photograph and I was immediately reminded  of the frontage of the Winter Gardens at Blackpool - the place where my parents first met. 
The Winter Gardens in the  north west seaside resort of Blackpool in Lancashire 

The Winter Gardens  was a major entertainment complex, with theatre, ballroom,  bars etc.  The Empress Ballroom was built in 1896 and with  a floor area of 12,500 square feet (1,160 sq. metres),was one of the largest in the world.  It was regularly the venue for major political party annual conferences.  

 The view from the famous Blackpool Tower, looking down  down onto the side entrance of  the Winter Gardens  - the white building with the arched roof. 

My mother (Kathleen Danson) was born in Poulton-le-Fylde, Lancashire, a few miles from Blackpool.   At the age of 14, she was apprenticed to be a tailoress and was still making her own clothes in her 80's.  In the 1930's, Mum  and her sister, Edith,  often went dancing in the Winter Gardens Ballroom and in Blackpool Tower Ballroom. 

Mum (Kathleen)  - modelling one of her dresses
                              Mum (left) & Aunt Edith       





Dad (John Weston) was new to  Blackpool, moving there in 1936 with his work as a commercial traveller.  Here is his story as told in his "Early Memories"

Dad on the left with his brother Charles. c.1930's
"One Saturday night I went to  the Winter Gardens when I saw a young lady sitting on a settee. She got up and we said "Hello". I tried to find her again in the evening without success, even going to the exit door to watch people leave."  
Dad's account continued:  
"Two weeks later I was at the Tower Ballroom and who should come along but two ladies - and you have guessed that was your Mum and Aunt. Mum stopped to say "Hello" and we started talking and had a good chat. I asked if she would come to the cinema the next night and offered to come for her and take her home. She agreed. I thought it was rather brave of her to come with me when we had only just met to talk together.   The date was 13th October 1936 and we married 18th April 1938." 

My parents John Weston and Kathleen (Kay) Danson on their wedding day



Dad, Mum, Edith and Charles


 
Mum and Dad celebrating their 60th wedding anniversary in 1998,
 opening the telegram from the Queen.

Blackpool Tower from the North Pier


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